Rayon is arguably the most popular semi-synthetic fabric currently on the market. Many people prefer it for several reasons. Textile manufacturers love it because it’s a versatile fabric that can be used in the same way as natural fabrics such as cotton, silk, and linen. Many users like the fact that it has a smooth and comfortable feel to it.
However, some may be concerned about how stretchy rayon can be for good reasons. Stretchy fabrics are more comfortable and tend to be more resistant to tears. So exactly how stretchable is rayon? Rayon lacks inherent stretch but can be blended with spandex to provide some flexibility.
Let’s explore the Rayon Fabric and its stretchability.
What is Rayon Fabric?
Rayon fabric is a semi-synthetic fabric made from cellulose leftover after cotton production or from wood pulp; it is called semi-synthetic fabric because the cellulose is processed using a chemical process that turns the pulp into woven or knitted threads. Most woven rayon fabrics are plain woven.
Rayon is an incredibly soft fabric, widely considered one of the softest synthetic fabrics available on the market. Its breathability is almost on the same level as cotton, a property that contributes to the fabric’s versatility. They are used to make many things, from household items to surgical equipment.
The production of rayon is controversial and complicated, but it is ultimately cheaper than the production of its more natural and shiny alternative-silk. Like silk, rayon drapes well, giving its wearer an elegant look.
How Stretchy Is Rayon?
The wood pulp used to make rayon fibers lack elasticity, and this lack of elasticity makes stretching in rayon threads nearly impossible. Despite its many admirable qualities, rayon has the least elastic recoil than other synthetic fabrics.
Most woven rayon fabrics stretch a little, but their elasticity is limited; they do not stretch horizontally or vertically. Knitted rayon has more flexibility and can stretch easily to fit the wearer.
Another factor that affects the stretchiness of rayon is moisture; unlike other synthetic fabrics, rayon is extremely sensitive to heat and moisture, which affect stretchiness. When rayon fibers become wet, they absorb moisture and expand, becoming more stretchable.
Some also contend that rayon stretches more with wear, but this claim is false. Unlike other natural fabrics that stretch out over time, not rayon, it doesn’t stretch or easily lose shape. However, despite the lack of elasticity, rayon makes good clingy, form-fitting clothing.
How Stretchable Are Rayon Blends?
Textile manufacturers try to solve the problem of stretchability by mixing rayon fabric with more stretchable ones like Spandex. A typical rayon-spandex blend will contain 95% rayon and 5% spandex. What results is a lightweight, wrinkle-resistant, silky-smooth fabric. But does it stretch well? Absolutely.
Rayon-spandex has incredible stretchability; they come with a four-way stretch which means it can stretch vertically and horizontally. In addition, they feel lighter and silkier than cotton and are good for airy dresses, blouses, leggings, and skirts.
Advantages of Stretchy Fabrics
Rayon is not very stretchable, but why should a fabric be stretchable anyway? Here are just a few advantages of stretchable fabrics:
One of the most significant importance of stretchable fabrics is their durability. When a fabric can easily stretch to accommodate the shape and body movement of the wearer, it is less prone to tear. Elastic recoil in a piece of fabric also means that the fabric will hardly lose its shape and appeal.
Most stretchable fabrics tend to have good breathability, which has many advantages; it helps you stay comfortable even during hotter weather and increases the fabric’s versatility. Breathable and stretchable fabrics make not only good summer clothes but also make good sportswear and baby clothing.
Stretchable fabrics also handle moisture way better than less stretchable ones. Because they are often breathable, they allow easier passage of air and moisture, thereby reducing discomfort and sweat stickiness. Some stretch fabrics also come with a quick-dry design that makes them perfect for athletes.
The more stretchy a fabric is, the more comfortable it’ll likely be. All the benefits of stretchy fabrics, including moisture resistance and breathability, add to the overall comfort of the fabric.
How to Stretch Rayon Fabric
Rayon is not a very stretchable fabric, but stretchiness has many advantages, so you may likely want to stretch your rayon fabric. Fortunately, there are many ways to stretch Rayon fabric, and here are just some of them:
Soak and Wear
The upside to rayon is that it tends to stretch when wet. But you want to be careful when using this method. Some rayons are dry clean, so check the manufacturer’s label before trying this out.
To do this, fill a bucket with warm water, soak the fabric for five minutes, shake up some water, and roll the fabric in a towel to gently squeeze out more water. Please put on the cloth and gently tug at it until it fits you correctly. Wear the clothing until it dries completely.
Using a Shampoo or a Hair Conditioner
Since rayon reacts to heat and moisture, you can use shampoo to apply a gentle warm water soak. Fill a bucket with lukewarm water, add a small amount of shampoo or hair conditioner and soak for five minutes.
Swish the fabric for some parts, allowing the shampoo or conditioner to work its way into the fabric. Rinse the fabric in running water, and roll it under a towel to squeeze out the water. Take hold of opposite sides of the fabric and pull gently in both directions. Repeat until the garment dries.
Using a Steamer
Another subtle way of stretching the fabric is by applying steam, but this method risks shrinking the fabric further. Steamers work because they apply moisture to the rayon, which causes the fibers to become pliable. You can also use a steam iron if you don’t have a steamer.
All you have to do is follow the steps outlined for the shampoo/hair dryer method and allow the fabric to partially air dry. Hang the damp cloth on a cloth hanger and run the steamer all over the fabric. Then use your hands to tug and shape the fabric while it is still warm.