Before the advent of synthetic fabric types, clothing was produced from natural fibers like cotton or silk, typically used as a whole or blended.
Synthetic fabrics are very much in vogue now due to the improvement in textile production technology. One of such fabric types is Rayon fabric. Rayon fabrics are man-made and have been around since the early twentieth century.
Rayon is frequently used in creating garments, curtains, and bedding because of its versatility. Also, there are no significant expenses associated with the manufacturing process.
What is Rayon Fabric?
Rayon is a regenerated cellulose fiber-based synthetic fabric generated from plant-based sources, which include wood pulp and cotton linters.
There are numerous advantages to using rayon in both apparel and interior design. The fabric is pliable, durable, drapey, wrinkle-resistant, and machine washable and is a perfect choice for a wide variety of applications.
When it comes to gowns for weddings and other special occasions, rayon is one of the most preferred fabrics.
Despite its natural origins, rayon is still classified as a semi-synthetic fabric because it necessitates the addition of certain chemicals.
Some individuals utilize rayon fabric as a less expensive alternative to silk, linen, and cotton fabric probably because they are quite similar to rayon in many ways.
As an alternative, it saves money on silk and can also be used in making rayon-cotton blends.
Another fact about rayon is that it can be made to resemble silk or cotton in appearance and feel by shrinking the diameter of the cotton strand to a fraction of its normal size.
How Is Rayon Fabric Made?
Rayon is produced from cellulose fibers extracted from the pulp of wood, most frequently beech or bamboo.
To manufacture the fabric, the wood pulp is first acid-treated, which breaks down the lignin in the wood. Since lignin serves as the glue that binds the cellulose fibers in wood, removing it is essential to producing rayon.
By using caustic soda to treat the cellulose found inside the wood, this technique creates alkali cellulose.
After this step, carbon disulfide is added to the alkaline cellulose to produce cellulose xanthate, a new chemical.
Producing xanthate cellulose is followed by forcing it through a spinneret, which looks like a faucet.
A spinneret is used to change the dissolved lignin into fibers that resemble thread, which results in the solution being converted into little filaments.
After that, the thready fibers are submerged in a bath of sulfuric acid, which causes the rayon fibers to become more rigid.
A Brief History Of Rayon Fabric
Rayon fabric was first produced by scientists in 1846 when they were looking for new ways to manufacture and use explosives. As a result, they unknowingly created the fabric.
The fabric’s pattern was further enhanced in France in 1884, making it more resistant to wear and tear over time.
Rayon fabric currently is manufactured in large proportions in India, Europe, and the United States.
In 1911, rayon was initially introduced to the American populace. Then, it was called by various names and was frequently used as a cheaper substitute for silk. This was probably because it was less expensive to produce and still possessed qualities of sheen and pliability like other costlier fabrics.
Processes such as the viscose method (which was the earliest), cuproammonium, modal, and lyocell methods were used to produce the fabric, although the lyocell method was much more expensive than the rest.
Types Of Rayon Fabric
There are numerous types of rayon fabric, each with a unique and distinct set of characteristics.
Let’s identify some of these rayon types.
- Viscose rayon
Viscose rayon is probably the most common variety of rayon today. Because of its similar drape and smoothness to silk, this semi-synthetic rayon fabric is commonly used by many individuals as a silk alternative.
However, the wet strength of viscose rayon is the lowest of all the rayon varieties, that’s why the fabric shrinks and loses its shape the most during washing compared to other rayon types.
- Modal rayon
Modal fabric is another form of rayon with equal similarities. It is created from beech tree pulp and is a semi-synthetic fabric typically combined with certain other fibers like spandex to add to its fabric strength.
Modal rayon is soft and elegant. However, it is quite expensive, even more than cotton or viscose. This pitches modal rayon as a premium fabric.
Also, clothing items like underwear, nightwear, beddings, and towels can be made from modal rayon, a very good and renewable resource.
- Lyocell rayon
A more modern kind of rayon fabric, lyocell rayon is just like modal. Lyocell rayon is sometimes combined with cotton and linen and has a similar texture.
On the other hand, it is better for the environment thanks to the reduced usage of very hazardous chemicals during production.
Lyocell rayon is very moisture-absorbent and perfect for extracting moisture from the skin while remaining dry and permeable.
As a result, people with very sensitive skin will benefit most from it in the long term.
What’s The Average Cost Of Rayon Fabric Per Yard?
Because of its durability, rayon has proven to be a material that can be utilized in various applications. In addition, it is a fashionable material to use.
It’s important to understand that the cost of rayon might change based on the type you buy. So, it is essential to be fully aware of the fabric’s cost.
The price of rayon fabric per yard usually varies averagely from anywhere between $7 and $20. However, it depends on the design, type of fabric (blended or not), and the quality of the rayon you buy.
Rayon Fabric Uses And Applications
Fabrics produced from rayon can be used in a broad variety of ways.
It is a synthetic fabric that can be blended with natural and synthetic fibers. Each fabric type’s properties contribute to the rayon’s unique characteristics.
So, you might want to consider rayon as an option if you require a versatile fabric that you can use for several purposes.
- The production of clothing
It’s common to see rayon in clothing pieces due to the ease with which it is dyed to produce different colors and its sheen. It’s also quite comfortable on the skin and a suitable choice for individuals with sensitive skin.
The fabric’s suppleness makes it an ideal material for both children’s and adult clothes.
It’s no wonder why many clothing manufacturers and brands utilize rayon for kids’ dresses and shorts.
- Home accessories production
With rayon, it is possible to make long-lasting and easy-to-to-maintain carpets, drapes, and rugs since it does not fade or shrink over time.
Rayon is also used in home fabrics such as lightweight tablecloths, which can be machine-washed and dried quickly.
Many manufacturers use rayon to manufacture bedding since it dries rapidly and doesn’t shrink when cleaned, making it a very popular choice.
- Rayon is used in decorations and tapestries
In addition to clothing and home accessories, rayon can also be used in interior decorations.
Some examples of items that can be crafted from rayon include art prints and tapestries.
Rayon fabric is a lightweight fabric that can be potentially used as a lining material in some pricey clothing.
- Rayon fabric is used in athletic wear
Due to the high capacity of rayon fabric to absorb water, it is ideally suited for use in the production of both athletic and swimwear.
This feature is also considered during the production of hygiene products like tampons and sanitary pads.
Rayon Fabric Care And Maintenance Tips
Keeping these few things in mind when caring for rayon garments is essential as they’ll help maintain the fabric for a very long time.
The following are some maintenance tips for rayon, so you might want to keep them in mind.
- Because of the delicate composition of rayon fabric, it must be washed by hand in cold water using only mild detergents and bleaches. The material must also be rinsed in cold water. It’s essential you do this to ensure the fabric lasts for long and is safe from wear and tear.
- When drying rayon clothing, you should try to avoid using the dryer. Rayon has a particular characteristic of being prone to shrinkage. However, it is possible to prevent rayon fabric from wrinkling by hanging it to air-dry on a line in a cool and shady area. Or you can use a drying rack.
- When ironing rayon, be sure to do so at a low temperature. Also, do not use steam when ironing the fabric. This will preserve the fabric.
- When you iron rayon, always iron on the reverse side of the fabric. To save the delicate fabric from heat damage, you should use a pressing cloth or other protective material.